An Olympiad as a Solution for American Swimming by Dick Jochums (2001)

We have just finished the first quarter of an Olympiad. An Olympiad is the four-year span of time between Olympic Game’s. In reality, it marks a true training cycle that relates directly to qualifying for first the Trials, and then the Team. Historically, the majority of those who have qualified to represent the United States of America in Olympic competition have at least two or more Olympiads tied up in this effort.


To the ancient Greeks, the originators of the Olympic Game’s, the Olympiad was the foundation of their calendar, how they measured the passage of time, and the key to understanding their culture. This Greek world was a period of time dominated by competition and conflict between the various Greek-City-States, not just war with outsiders. In fact, there is much historical evidence that indicates that the three-month residence requirement and the mandatory truce that went with the residence requirement, tied to the ancient Olympics, were the only truly peaceful periods in Ancient Greek history. I wonder if a three-month resident requirement tied to daily drug testing might not solve the modem Olympic competition’s most urgent problem?


Where were all the Greeks when the three hundred Spartans were defending the pass at Thermopylae? Why, at the Olympic games, that’s where! Athens had been abandoned; the Persians were advancing way to quickly, and someone needed to slow down this advance since these foreigners obviously didn’t understand the importance of these games. This wasn’t just another war, but a war for survival of the Greek world. The three hundred stopped the Persians dead for three days that first, allowed the Greeks to finish their competition, and second, to organize and beat them in two major battles that shaped and gave direction to modern western culture. It’s interesting to note that at the end of this battle the Persian warriors were heard to ask their General, “Haradonis! What kind of people are you leading us against, who compete not for money, but for honor?”


What a great question then, and now! I believe a basic one if your going to accomplish anything of real importance as a coach. Maybe, a more important question with a real need for an answer today than to those Persian warriors over twenty-five hundred years ago. A question that, I believe, is at the core of what each of you are trying to accomplish with your swimmer.


After Sydney and all the questions, rumors, and excuses tied to performance enhancing drugs, the use of performance enhancing nutritional supplements, to say nothing about the ensembles of specialized slaves, outside those provided by the US Olympic Committee, to prepare people for their race, just maybe it’s time for each of us to understand the concept of the Olympiad and its meaning to our sport.


My wife has worked very hard at getting me to say, “In my opinion,” so I don’t come across as even more arrogant than I actually am, but in this case, it’s my deep conviction that on this issue I’m right, and those who don’t agree with me are just flat wrong. I’m quoted in American Swimming Magazine as saying I am as tired of those who cry about the issue of drugs and nutritional supplements as those who actually are cheating by there use. It’s my belief that many of you agree with my position. I know that I’m just tired of all the whining. For, you see, both those who cry about it and those who cheat miss the whole point of competition, especially Olympic competition.


If you have allowed drug usage in any form, under any circumstances, you’re not a coach; you’re merely a user of those you abuse. Drug dealers, no matter what level, are disgusting human beings. Your job as a coach isn’t to dispense drugs, but to help your swimmer reach their full potential the old fashion way, through hard, smart work found in a well-designed program that by definition has no short cuts. Coaching isn’t about using your swimmers for your own ego, abusing them with any form of drug usage, questionable and inadequately researched supplements use, or just a poorly designed program that gives them no hope of winning or greatness without cheating.


It’s important to me that everyone in this room, no matter what level you coach at, take to heart what I’m about to say today and begin to at the very least to give it some thought, and hopefully to act upon it. You need not accept my positions word for word, but I believe each of you must decide for yourself just what your position is and how you’re going to deal with it. Not just for your swimmer, but for yourself as well. That person you see daily in the mirror can make a difference in this world, if he/she does the job ethically each and everyday. Do more than be born, eat, sleep, make love as often as possible, and then die. That’s what most of the world’s population manages to do with their lives, choose to do better than that and make a difference. In coaching that means helping a young person to truly face the truth of their potential and become a partner in helping them reach for it. To accomplish this, in my opinion, there are five truths that you must come to accept.


The first truth is tied to the meaning of sport. What makes sport, sport? It isn’t really just winning or losing, but rather it’s about training! A training program, if well designed, becomes a process that is an end in itself. It becomes the means that leads to self-realization. Sport is for the participant, the doer, and not the fan, the parent, or the coach. During the longer races when most of us, including me, make ourselves known by standing on the sideline yelling, giving hand signals, and basically letting the world know who we are, have any of you ever really thought about what your actually accomplishing. I’II never forget the time Tim Shaw got out of the pool after setting the world record in the mile and asked me if I had hurt myself giving him all those signals. I never hurt once! We both laughed as I explained to him that the key to coaching was a high toleration for his pain. But, the reality here, that you must all come to accept, is that you’re not swimming the race and you’re therefore not the key to success or failure. The person in the race is the key to success.


The second truth is that sport doesn’t build character. You want to know something about your child, put them in competition and watch them compete. You’ll learn how they react and accept all the variations that life offers. You will find out if they’re tough or soft, a good sport or a rotten loser, a quitter or a plugger, but what you won’t see happen is a change in character because of a contest. If you don’t like what you see, then within the training you begin to implement change in behavior, but once again this doesn’t happen unless the participant decides to make it happen. The person in the race is the key to any adjustments made.


A third truth is that the only loss that can’t be overcome is that person’s death. The results of a contest are nothing more than a fleeting milli-second in one’s life span. A win or a loss is really nothing more than another experience in one’s life that can and should become a lesson to be used in future actions. Any result can only measure a certain accomplishment at a specific time on a specific date, and in and of itself can’t in reality define the person beyond these boundaries. Life is an on-going process that has its moments but is always measured by the total period of time one breathes. One moment in time can’t and shouldn’t define a person’s life. All the experiences and the adjustment over time to these experiences tell us who and what a person becomes. One result might be an indication; a series of similar results would be a better indication; and a lifetime of similar behavior tells the real story. The person living that life is the key to that life.


A fourth truth is there is no easy way, only the right way. Nothing is for free and there are consequences tied to all actions. Each of us is born into this world with given abilities and liabilities. We come from all that has gone before us. Hopefully we make the most of what we have been given and learn to cover our liabilities with our strengths. We all have potential, but being of the human race, we almost never come close to our full abilities let alone ever really achieve or experience our full potential. The only person who has any real control over their potential is that person with the potential. How close they come or how short they fall is entirely in their own hands.


The fifth truth is dependent upon you having accepted and put into practice the first four truths. A properly designed, communicated, and administered program can be the difference between failure and success for those who participate. Even here, the coach isn’t the key person in the endeavor, but a great program opens the door for all participants, not just the top performers, to see the beauty of being the best they can be. This should be the real definition of winning, not merely first place at the Olympics. If it’s not, then I must be speaking to a room of losers. I hope you all know better than that!!!!


The wonderful part of the first four truths that are tied directly to human nature is that human beings tend to do the minimum that is required to succeed. That’s why the less talented among us usually do as well or better than those with more natural talent. Because we are forced to work harder, because there is a greater cost for us with less talent to be successful, we must make more decisions and follow through on those decisions to succeed! The importance of this to your program should demand that each of you see that the fifth truth becomes a reality. Only through each of us developing a great program will our National Program have a shot at maintaining greatness. You should not underestimate your importance to the National Program, and in fact, I don’t see how you can over-estimate this truth.


Upon my return to coaching six years ago, one of the major problems centered, in my opinion, on this very truth. It seemed to me that many of our leaders had so tipped the scales of how to measure those who we would support based upon studies of who was talented, that only those with super talents were getting any attention. Many with marginal talent were being cut out of the progression way to early. Well, those with marginal talent have always forced the talent to be honest, or the talented gets beat. By cutting too many too soon both your and the national programs were being harmed. If everyone can win by going through the process, no one really is getting used, then what’s the need to force people out of the sport so soon? After all, this game of swimming is something people can do almost from cradle to grave.


I don’t know how many of you in this room know this but historically, sport grew from war, and in reality war is merely the most dangerous of all man’s games. It’s a truth that the military experiences deaths not only on the battlefields, but also on a daily basis as they practice for the real thing. This is a truth that every military organization throughout human history has come to experience. The ancient Greek world was either at war or in preparation for war. To over-come this unnecessary loss of people they developed games to maintain fitness without as much chance of unneeded deaths. Out of this developed the crown games.


The pre-eminent of the four crown games was the Olympic Game’s, held at Olympia, every Olympiad. The purpose of this competition was just not to see who was best, but also to meet the elements of physical fitness required to meet the never ending needs of the society. The purpose of the training wasn’t for the Arete (Victory), but for Agon (the process). A process tied to both mental and physical conditioning that made the citizen prepared to meet his place and role in the society. A win got you a crown of olive leaves. This award fit the Greek view on life and death perfectly. Within a week or two the crown would dry up and begin to become dust. Within a few weeks a stiff wind could blow your award away. This was a symbol to demonstrate that life was a never-ending quest for greatness through honor.


I gave a detailed talk on Agonistic Training to this association back in 1974 and I don’t want to go into this again. It’s correct that I believe and teach this concept, have based my program on this philosophical position, and for those of you who want a deeper understanding of this concept, it can be found at the ASCA booth. The part that I want you to understand at this time is that this concept, the seeking of honor through honorable behavior in bad as well as good times, is the common historical element that ties all of mankind together. I don’t care your skin color, your culture, or your mythology, this warrior concept with all its rules can be found at the beginning of your peoples’ development as a society. Your ancestors were either members of the ruling aristocracy, with obligations to the code, or slaves or peasants serving the aristocracy and surviving day to day. In all probability you have ancestors from both groups. Either way, this agonistic concept in some way affects to some degree who and what you are today, and I believe it’s well past time that we revisit and consider these concepts as possible solutions to many of today’s problems.
In many ways it measured both the high as well as the low point in human development. If you weren’t of the aristocracy, you had no rights, no freedoms, no property and existed solely to serve those who by their station in society were your betters’. If you were of the aristocracy, you were obligated to uphold and protect the society. Honor, the thing that you as a member of the aristocracy had spent your entire life in quest of, is only granted at the time of your death. Granted not by your family, not by yourself, but only by your peers who had lived, competed, and fought next to you during your life span.


Today, though each of us is subject to the views of our fellow citizens, public opinion on issues, and to those who pay us for our services, modern man can survive by being different, can go against the flow, and can stand against their society without being destroyed. Where ancient man had no such chance; was totally at the mercy of his position in society; modern mankind has a chance to determine their own conduct, especially when they’re right. If right you have a chance to win, at least eventually, maybe immediately if people fear you, but you better be right. If wrong, everyone and their mother will be there to let you know the errors of your way.


The point I’m working at making here is that by taking the best from what we have learned about life from our ancestors, remodelling it into a system that works best for both us and our participants today, might be the thing for us to put some thought and effort into. Does are current society really have better answers than our ancestors had? Is what we do and how we behave today really better than how our ancestors handled the same problems? Do we really want to continue down our current path, especially when this current direction might be advocated by biased people and based upon one result, one effort and one real success over a couple decades? I believe that questions need to be asked, then answers sought, and behaviors undertaken that will lead to positive long-term results.


Today, the ability of an individual to survive when they make a choice to go against the majority opinion, because they think it to be the right thing to do, makes the present period the most special time to be alive in human history. In fact, at no time in human history have individual rights as practiced in America held such a position of power over the society. As much as I believe in this benefit of modern behavior, I believe society has allowed the rights of the individual to go to far, but that is a different topic for a different forum. For our purposes here, in order to make each of our actions work, we must stop a feel good mentality of the moment, if that’s in reality all it really is, and always be looking for the best way to accomplish the task at hand. This means simply to evaluate what has taken place, whether or not someone’s feelings get hurt, and then make a decision or undertake action based upon this honest evaluation. Few in authority are going about it this way, not parents, certainly not our educational system, not politicians from either one of the two major parties, and therefore not Government. If this is really the right process to improving our present situation, long term measurement and honest evaluation, and I believe it is, then guess whose left to get it done.


Is the seeking of solutions by cheating, or having no plan of action other than the excuse that those who cheat make success impossible, any kind of answer? I know I can’t and won’t accept either. I believe that the concept of the Olympiad is the answer to both points of view. I define an Olympiad as a period of time tied to a plan of real work to have swimmers reach full potential without a little help from their friends.


What do performance-enhancing drugs really do? They allow for quicker and therefore easier development of a person’s physical potential. In all probability there are some major consequences to there use such as cancer, organ damage, shorten life span, deformed babies, but for me, as if this wasn’t bad enough, what is worst of all, is that someone has to know that they aren’t winning by and through fair and honest growth of a human being. Creatin is a pretty good example. There are now four studies that indicate an increase risk of cancer in its excessive use. The French, the first to use this crap, finally were the first to issue the official warning. Why the hell did many Americans go ahead and use it? I’ll be glad and tell you why, in case you wanted to know, we thought it made our swimmers stronger, easier! Not just stronger, but the key to modem coaching philosophy and methodology, easier! That’s not what sport is suppose to be about.


I see as a truth of training human beings, that there is a limit to what a person can do. Once full potential is a pinnacle that can’t be surpassed. To swim faster is to take the body into physiological areas that risk the end of life. I believe we all have different limits, but as we approached these individual potentials, we are truly in pain zones that very few ever reach. Death and birth are both total body experiences. So is a maximum effort if any of us ever to reach our full potential.


Most of you in this room have seen the movie about the walk-on football player at Notre Dame called RUDY. Most of you came away from the movie moved by just how tough he had to be and moved by his determination to reach out and attain honor. It was a true story, a feel good about the human race story, and for Hollywood, for a change, a very good sport story. But what did he do that our swimmers don’t outdo on a daily basis. I believe I have a unique experience here, as my son played college ball as one of those used to practice against. Being hit is really over-rated as a truth to manhood. Getting up after being hit, again and again is a better measure, but you want to know what shows real ability to over-come and carry on, just look at your sport, swimming.

We train at Santa Clara like we race and we therefore learn to race like we train. I’ve seen ten second heart rates on distance swimmers in the mid-thirties and sprinters in the forties. Folks, that’s a heart rate of between two hundred and two hundred and fifty while we are racing and training. That is real work and it causes huge increases in lactic acid, which is a pretty good measure of hurt. A guy on the street isn’t in good enough condition to even approach these levels. You have to have trained consistently at these levels to get there and maintain yourself there. It forces the brain to accept these physical efforts, and the brain doesn’t accept this with grace. The brain will fight you every step you take on your trip down this road forcing you to ignore its very good advice. At each increase in speed the need for more power output starts to go off the chart right along with huge increases in Lactate-acid, and the brain knows immediately that it’s in distress and that it’s time to back down and rest. Believe me when I tell you your brain is asking, “What are you trying to do to me, kill me?” And philosophically, that is actually what you are forcing your body into approaching.


At two hundred plus beats per minute, at pain or lactate levels as high as have been measured, you are approaching a total body experience, death. That’s why the brain is doing everything it can to shut the body down. Here you are, in either workout or the race, with meters left to go, with chest pain, blurred vision, no air and the person you have pledged to beat right with you. Your heart can’t beat any faster without going into arrhythmia, the pain borders on the absolute, and to continue to press on instead of quitting is to push yourself beyond where you are meant to go. So each extra movement without quitting is really approaching, dieing. Yes, that’s right, dieing. Why do you think that someone with my experience can tell you truthfully that he’s seen only a few really great races? I didn’t say swims; I said races! Almost always one person, always the one who has lived in that zone without quitting the most often, decides to win while the other person listens to his brain and accepts second. I truly believe this and why I tell you that all training and racing is mental.


Damn, I’ve always heard this guy Jochums was nuts! Can you believe he believes that our children should risk dieing each and everyday? His workouts must really be viscous things to experience and watch.


Well, if that thought even crossed your mind, you would truly be surprised watching one of my workouts. My swimmers anticipated the opportunities provided by the workouts with an eagerness and willingness. This is because they accept the price that goes with that which they’re trying to accomplish. I’ve sold them and they have come to accept the process as what is required for their dream to have a chance. They understand just whose trip this is. Let me read a quote that says it way better than I can ever say it:

Each and every day you know that somewhere in that evening’s main set, he (pain personified), will be waiting for you looming. Go after him. Look him right in the eyes, and don’t back down. Do not be fooled by the look on his face that he has ‘your number’ – it’s a facade. He’s a paper tiger. Blow right through him. You’ll find that within 150 to 300 yards you’ve driven through to the ‘other side’ for that day, and will finish the set with a great ‘second wind’, and an awesome feeling found in that unique setting. He’ll be waiting for you tomorrow. You’ll have to call his bluff again, but it gets easier and easier everyday, as long as it’s in succession. Eventually it will become a habit, a way of life, to where it’s so ‘second nature’ that you don’t think about it in school, or driving to a workout, or on the kick set. That is when you will be a champion – when you’ve conquered yourself to that degree!


I knew this was one of my swimmer’s the minute I read the quote. The kick set leading to the testing set, leading to the feeling of accomplishment is what my workouts are all about. This is a statement made to Chuck Warner during his research for his book. It’s Tim Shaw speaking, and like many of those who swim or have swum for me, he tells it honestly and better than I do. That’s because it was his trip and I was only there to help.


I’m willing to bet the ranch that most of you would be shocked by the amount of laugher, the teasing, the good will, the good time, and the pride that my swimmers experience on a daily basis. Shaw, DiCarlo, and Wilkens all had as their talent the ability to out work others, that is why they have Olympic medals. Bruce Fumiss had talent and Tim Shaw to make him honest, and he had enough pride to make himself work so his talent resulted in his two gold medals. They were all fun to work with. They all had fun swimming for me. Talk to any of them and they will quickly get around to telling what I call Jochums stories. But hey, all my swimmers tell Jochums stories! Really listen to these stories, all exaggerations by the way, and you will hear the self-pride they have about what they have accomplished. Marines all bitch about their Drill Instructors and my swimmers all bitch by telling Jochums stories. Bitching is bragging.


Now I ask you, was Rudy ever tougher or more special than my kids. He got hit over and over again, he got up over and over again, but did he really live at the level I gave my young people the chance to live at. To play football you got to be able to hit and be hit. That doesn’t take a special brain or special intelligence. Anybody can be a football player. Well it doesn’t take a special brain or intelligence to be a swimmer either. Anybody can be a swimmer. It helps in both to have the body, the feel, and the natural ability, and to a high degree this does put limits on how far you can go in either endeavor. But there are exceptions and in each case, those who have overcome their liabilities have had two things in common. First, they have the ability to believe in a dream, and secondly, the determination to see that nothing is allowed to block their fulfilling of their dream. Coaches don’t make such decisions; they merely help the person who has made the decision get to where he’s going.


It’s my strong belief that your first job in coaching is to get your swimmers to dream big. In fact, it’s my opinion, that the biggest difference between the “old days” and the present is that there were more dream sellers in the past than there are today. When Tim broke the world record in the four hundred meter freestyle by over four seconds in 1974, I watched over a dozen coaches start to sell their swimmers that they could beat that record. Today, all of us seem to have a desire to see Ian Thorpe and Grant Hackett swim their races and marvel at how good they are! Well, I learned in 1975, and I know it to be the truth through real experience, that once a time has been accomplished, the blue print has been shown to the world, and that time no matter how fast, can and should be at the very least approachable. Breaking an existing record is going into, “Star trek” territory, a place no one has ever dared to go before. Tying a record is really nothing more than visiting a place that another has already visited and has given you direction on how to get there.


It seems, at least in Men’s distance freestyle the Australians are the only one not being spectators. It’s well past time for American swimming to get out of the stands, back on the deck, and get back to working at being, at the very minimum, competitive in all events, including distance freestyle.


It’s for these reasons that I believe the ancient Greek concept of the Olympiad should be considered as a solution for our current problem. We need to see training as a process that we adhere to over a period of time, years not days or weeks. The process gets you to where you want to go. There is a right way! That doesn’t mean that there is only one method, theory, or program of training that will get you there, but it does speak to ethical and moral righteousness of the process you use in your program to get there.


You know why I know I’m right about this? Because I’ve watched all my swimmers who live the process honor others who through their performances prove they also live within the process, with respect and not jealousy. This is a real win, when your teammates and competitors alike award you with recognition because they understand the effort you put forth to achieve a result. This is why place can actually be the least important element of the race. This is why you see teammates get excited at great times out of people who don’t score in meets. It’s because they understand just how special that performance is for that person.


Parents who selflessly and righteously only really care about their own child, and swimmer and coaches who through either choice or situation don’t partake in a process that demands truth daily is where jealousy originates. All you can do about jealous parents is educate and help them see the long-term design of the program. If they can’t or won’t buy into your training philosophy, get rid of them, as they will be a problem that will affect you and your program for as long as they are with you. With swimmers and coaches, we need to change their perspective, their situation, or their sport. Those who want to swim or coach for recreation (it has to be for fun), believe sport to be for social development (team is for every/anyone), or think sport is good for character development, have summer leagues and high school seasons to participate in.


I see nothing wrong with this as long as they don’t buy the belief that they are truly doing something with real benefit to the development of the participants. What they are really doing is creating a play situation and play, by definition, is a waste of time. It’s make-believe, of no value, and in every case that’s play’s value. There is an important place for play in everyone’s life. It can and probably should be a small part of every program, just not the program.


What bothers me about the above class of coaches is that all to many of them believe they are truly doing something relevant for the sport and those who they work with. It’s from this group that those who cry or cheat to win come from. Such coaches to be competitive will look for a short cut, or to my way of thinking, believe popularity and being their swimmers buddy is really what the job is all about. The reality is that they’re not willing or just to lazy to pay the price of the ticket for success. Many will tell you just how cutting edge they are. They have discovered a smarter and easier way. Many have even sold themselves their own lies to the point they have come to believe them. Believe me, when anyone buys their own lies, their ethics and moral standings disappear. The end result is the only thing that has meaning, to hell with anything else. Such people will and do cheat.


I would hope that no one in this room is so naive as to believe this doesn’t happen here in America. It does, and we are every bit as dirty as is the rest of the world, and in some cases at a pretty high level. America has had some pretty high level organizations that have turned a blind eye to positive drug tests if given the time to get it cleaned up prior to international competition. My guess here is that these high powered organizations, just as those who cheat, see the sport they administer, as nothing more than a result. What happens to the participant has no meaning other than winning. Something is very sad and very wrong about any society when it gets to this level. Please see this as a warning to American society, for it’s at the very least, that!


What a wasted opportunity for all involved. There is nothing you can do with drugs that you can’t do without them, if given the time. If we all would accept the Olympiad as the time basis that we work with we can beat the cheaters, every time. Yes, you have got to have a plan. You have got to go to work everyday. You have to have a brain that you must use all the time. But do it the right way and you end up with that special high when you see daily growth and pride that goes with that growth from day to day, month to month, year to year. Swimming is a sum total experience just as life is a sum total experience.


Drug usage is either an escape or a crutch. They don’t help the brain realize full potential, no matter what Timothy Leary had to say to all the children of the sixty’s. Drugs fool the total system. They may allow for faster recovery from workout to workout, but at the same time they’re making the brain dependent upon their use. They control rather than produce self-awareness, self-reliance, or any of the other self-words. They create a need and not an understanding of the body by the individual.


The uses of diet supplements have become in way to many cases a similar problem. When their use creates a need to test weekly or bi-weekly to maintain legal substance levels so that the participant will not test positive, is there really any difference? Folks, there are American programs that participate in this practice. Please, if there really is a difference in how you take your drugs, someone explain it to me. One way is to cheat and the other way is through natural selection? Sorry, I just don’t buy any of this! Cheating is cheating, and if this isn’t politically correct to be this blunt about it, so be it. It’s just plain wrong and in my opinion criminal!


Training, if well thought out gets the swimmer to the same performance level. Of course, you have to have a well thought out procedure to have this happen. You and your swimmer will not depend upon a shot or a pill, but on a process. A process that takes an Olympiad or two to reach potential, has more to do with living life than merely chasing a medal, and makes the participant undefeatable.


I didn’t say nor will I ever say you can’t lose a race. Anyone on any given day can be beaten, but being beaten and defeated need not be the same thing. Anyone who participates in the process that has all the elements required for that person to reach toward full potential, whom participates daily with full effort to reach out toward their potential will come to learn about themselves. Such a person, through such preparation and effort, will have in every real sense won through self-realization. Such a person may get beaten, but never be defeated. This is a fact of life and is really just that simple. Such a person will make a difference with their life.


A program isn’t how far you go but rather how you do what you do. A coach with their swimmer as partner should be the program. He/she should know what their workouts are accomplishing each and everyday. You must have some idea how to measure what is taking place and then make educated adjustments as required to get required power production and recovery into your system. In fact, it’s this blend of power and recovery that should be your training program. If properly implemented, you can produce swimmers with more reserves than those who use drugs. The body through natural means will reach all the high levels of resources without the need for enhancers that show up in positive tests. What’s better, you as a coach can create a mental advantage over those who cheat because the effort is a total mental and physical one.


Drugs really are nothing more than a catalytic substance (agent serving for change or adjustment) that will affect bodily function both when used and when withdrawn from the system. The psychological advantage of not having to deal with withdrawal should by itself be enough to recommend against the use of drugs. To say nothing of the advantage of self-awareness and self-knowledge that is the result of doing it the right way.


In fact, to my way of thinking, all the advantages are on the side of the honest practitioner. Given enough time, in a well-designed program that understands the relationship between power and recovery, makes the participant the leader in the process, you can reach and maintain a level every bit as high as those who use drugs. A proper program allows the body to adapt to work outputs as fast and as often as the cheaters. A proper program offers full potential attainment that can be maintained at competition because it’s self-induced, not drug induced. It doesn’t happen in three months, but over an Olympiad of effort you have the advantage over the cheater.


“Jochums, are you just totally out to lunch?” Don’t you understand that the new drugs have to be detected within hours of usage or the user gets away with their use. They can be taken the morning of competition, between heats and finals, and by the time of testing become undetectable.


So what? My swimmers have trained the body to adapt between heats and finals just as fast as the cheater. That’s what I’ve designed my program to do for those who swim for me. The program is designed workout-to-workout, week-to-week, month-to-month, year-to-year, and Olympiad-to-Olympiad to accomplish exactly the ability to get the swimmer to this point.


I really don’t care what others are doing. I only care what I’m doing. We’re going to beat you! If we can’t beat you, and that could only be if you’re a lot better than we are, we’re going to hurt you. Personally, I get off either way. We, my lead partner, the swimmer, took this trip with no guarantees about anything other than a desire to reach full potential. The real goal is to end up with no regrets. I don’t want to hear about “only if,” “if I’d only,” or “if I’d only known!” I’m really not interested and folks, those at the party when you reach forty or older don’t care either. This is a world that only cares about what you are doing today, not something you failed at years ago. Even the most important people in the world to you, your own children, don’t learn from your mistakes, only from their own mistakes. The only chance you have with them is that they might pay attention to the reasons for a few of your successes.


Maybe, most importantly, do it the honest and fair way and you will have no regrets. What do coaches who cheat tell themselves if their swimmer wins? Who accomplished what? What do you do if twenty to thirty years from now some of your swimmers start dropping dead? Was being cutting edge really worth it? If it happens to my swimmers, it isn’t due to something I gave them or a chance I took when I worked with them. The pain I will feel can be lived with, the guilt I would feel if we had used drugs, I couldn’t! Our goal this last Trial’ s was for each of our swimmers to have left nothing on the table and be proud of their effort no matter the result in the attempt to make the team. I believe we achieved this!


Listen, here we are in New Orleans, a city of great music, food and drink. Hopefully you’re here not only to have a great time but also to improve your professional knowledge. I believe each of you need to ask, answer, and then act on a series of questions. The first, I hope, after this talk this morning has something to do with what this throw back, hard-ass, old coach has had to say. After you have given this some real thought, you must decide which workshops and talks will be most beneficial to your base of knowledge that will help just not you but your swimmers. A few of the questions might include, but wouldn’t be limited to the following:


Do I really know how my program works?

Is this really a program designed by me or am I merely repeating what was done to me?

Is today’s workout understood by me or is it one that sounded great at the ASCA Convention?

Is this really the best program for my swimmers?

Is this really what I want to do for a living?

Am I making a difference in this world with my life?

How do I do what I really want to do?

Am I really getting the job done?


I have answers to all these questions. Do you? I have looked at this program offered by the American Swimming Coaches Associations at this convention and know exactly what talks I’m going to sit in on. Do you? Believe me, no one is planning to have a better time here in New Orleans than I’m planning to have. But I also plan to search out answers to questions that will help me as a professional while I’m busy having a great time. You know, use my time to learn a thing or two, and then waste some time playing.


John Bitter, the associate head coach at Santa Clara Swim Club, made a basic point to me when we discussed what I was planning to do with this talk. He seems to believe that my very simple and basic training process is actually very complex because of the constant measurements that take place not just weekly, monthly, and yearly, but from set to set each day. Well, the truth of the matter is that I designed my training system to be very simple. For me, a person with some intelligence, I designed the program so it would be easy for me to measure and understand the result of what I was doing. With it, I know where my swimmers are, how much power work will still be positive, and how much recovery I need to do so I can get back to the power work. What’s most important is that my swimmers can also measure progress and understand what’s going on. Can you imagine, swimmers who become students of that what your doing to them. Can you believe that the biggest problem with their workout recommendations, are that they’re too hard. Not just too hard, way too hard! Wouldn’t you like to have such a problem.


You want to swim and be good in my program, a decision is required. For this dastardly deed, I’m called a throw back. In this period, when no one is responsible for any personal action, others are always the cause of such actions, and individual rights have become so misunderstood that people have come to believe they have no behavioral limits; I take a huge risk in club swimming by asking, demanding, and enforcing dedication to a task. Not the task I choose, but the task the swimmer chooses and then informs me of. Actions do have repercussion. Everything you do has a cost that goes with it, and that cost is to you and you alone. I see it as my job to make this fundamental a truth!


I take an even bigger risk when I cross over from throw back to hard-ass by consistently demanding that they live up to their commitments. I don’t tell them what to think, what to say, what to commit to, but once they tell me they are committed to the task, I hold their words up to them. (You ever heard the saying: “eating your own words.”) It’s never enough with me to talk the talk; I demand they walk their talk. You don’t like the way I do it; you don’t like what you said to come back and bite you in the butt, then don’t say it. You don’t want the attention that I give to your commitment, then don’t commit. I won’t say another word to you other than: “hello,” “goodnight,” “how’s it hanging,” etc… and be more than happy to collect your due payments. I call such people dollar swimmers.


Coach Bitter pointed out that what we demand results in undertaking a huge risk because not many institutions in this modern society of ours make such demands on youth. I agree with him and am saddened by this. What a concept! Each one of you is responsible and will be held responsible for your actions and words. How can’t this be right and fair? When did excuse making become the American way? AND, how fast can we (coaches) get this disgraceful trend reversed. I really truly don’t see anyone but a few of us doing this.


I believe the concepts I have spoken to you about today are at the least worthy of your thoughts. I have said often that I should have been a preacher and just in case you haven’t been paying attention, this hasn’t been a speech, its been a sermon. This talk for me is successful because I’ve gotten to speak out on an issue I believe in. For me it would be great if I’ve gotten some of you to give this some real thought. It would be better if I have motivated some of you to try that which I have been preaching to you about. My ego wants all of you to agree with what I’ve had to say and then act upon it, but that won’t happen. That’s to bad, because the trip is worth it, for both you and your swimmers. If everyone in this room would simply just act upon one issue I have presented here, making their swimmers responsible for their words and actions, we swim coaches would create positive change for American society over-night.


I’m sixty years old, started coaching at nineteen years of age, was out of the sport for seven years, and been back now for seven years. Sixty years of living, thirty-four years as a coach at every level there is, and been through my mid-life crisis about seven time’s. The sport has been very good to my family and me and this talk is designed to give something back. In fact, this whole second time around as a coach is an attempt to give something back to this sport that I love with a passion. Being a coach or a swimmer, if approached in the right way, for the right reasons, can along with your family, be a most rewarding experience. Just like everything else in your existence, that is entirely up to each of you.


Please, become part of programs that do for youth what to many of our other modem institutions are failing to do on all to many occasions. You can never reach potential by aiming low. Accidents don’t get you there, hard work gets you there. Isn’t it amazing how the more you prepare, the harder you work, the luckier you get. It’s my experience that luck in reality is nothing more than preparation running head on into opportunity.


The truth is that fate doesn’t determine a thing. The only promise you come into this world with is that you’re going to eventually depart it. In my opinion, you have control of your life from the age you leave home until the day you die. What happens between is up to you. Unless you have reached high enough, worked hard enough, accepted the good along with the bad as nothing more than experiences to be dealt with, you have

been less than you could be. Hopefully none of us wishes this for those we care for or our self. If you have been less than you should be, by your own standards, then do something about it, starting today. If you’re already where you want to be, just keep yourself open to getting better. You can turn anything around or continue to improve as long as you can take a breath.


Three credos that I have tried to live by are:


Be the best you can be!

Just do it!

What is, is!


The first two have been used by other American organizations in their advertisements, but I used them before those advertisements for the Army and Nike campaigns started. The last one I got from Coach Ray Buzzard, the retired swim coach at Tennessee, a long time ago. This is the one my wife absolutely hates, drives her crazy, and I use to answer almost everyone of her why questions,


I think that these three quotes sum up this talk quite well. Coaching is all about helping people grow as human beings. It’s not nor should it ever be only about first place. Marathon runners have a better perspective about this than most. They understand there is only one first place but that can’t mean that all the rest of those who participate in the race, are losers. They believe that all who finish are winners. I agree!!! Maybe reaching one’s full potential, the achievement of being the best you can be on the day you want to be the best, is what life is really all about. If it’s tied to striving to be first, that in and of itself makes for something special because you aimed high!


You can’t get to this level by cheating because place really isn’t the most important thing in your travels to this pinnacle experience. You just have to do it, every workout, everyday, every week, every month, every Olympiad until you remove yourself from the contest. It’s really just that simple. That’s your job as a coach. To motivate a human being to do it and providing that person with a program that will allow for full potential development. It’s a partnership of two, with the key always the person being coached, but a partnership of one helping the other to realize their dream. It’s a bond that will last for a lifetime.


Finally, you can go to school on all that happens, good and bad, to you, but you can’t dwell on the moment ever at the expense of the next minute. What is, is, and only by moving forward do we get anything done. A win is a win, and becomes history as you touch the wall. This is the same for a loss. Win or lose, tomorrow is on the way with no guarantees because of today or yesterday. All the what’s, why’s, and maybes don’t change anything unless you’re moving forward as you ask these questions, seeking information that has been gained from the experience.


It’s well past time for American swimming to stop complaining, whining, and lying to itself. It’s time to get back to work, back to an Olympiad of work. You want to stick it to the cheaters, do it this way! Yes, you’ve got to be smarter, develop a long-term plan that you sell to those who swim for you. But, what do you really want the experience to be for your swimmer? Do you want your product to always look for the easy way, or a person who understands that results are tied to a span of time and a personal commitment that has a cost. Such an experience results in a person who knows who they are. Can you really do better than this? Can it ever be better than this?


I believe Vince Lombardi, the late great Greenbay Packer Football Coach said it best:


Winning is not a sometime thing; it’s an all-the-time thing. You don’t win once in a while, you don’t do things right once in a while, you do things right all the time. Winning is a habit. Unfortunately, so is losing…


Every time a football player goes out to ply his trade he’s got to play from the ground up – from the soles of feet right up to his head. Every inch of him has to play. Some guys play with their heads. That’s OK. You got to be smart to be no. 1 in any business. But more important, you’ve got to play with your heart – with every fiber of your body. If your lucky enough to find a guy with a lot of head and a lot of heart, he’s never going to come off the field second.


Running a football team is no different from running any other kind of organization – an army, a political party, a business. The principles are the same. The object is to win – to beat the other guy. Maybe this sounds hard and cruel. I don’t think it is.


It’s a reality of life that men are competitive and the most competitive games draw the most competitive men. That’s why they’re there – to compete. They know the rules and the objectives when they get in the game. The objective is to win – fairly, squarely, decently, by the rules – but to win.


And in truth, I’ve never know a man worth his salt who in the long run, deep down in his heart, didn’t appreciate the grind, the discipline. There is something in good men that really yearns for, needs discipline and the harsh reality of head-to-head combat.


I don’t say these things because I believe in the “brute” nature of man or that man must be brutalized to be combative. I believe in God, and I believe in human decency. I firmly believe that any man’s finest hour – his greatest fulfilment to all that he hold dear – is that moment when he has worked his heart out in a good cause and lies exhausted on the field of battle – victorious.


I appreciate your time in listening to what I’ve had to say. Thank You!




Certification for the Week of February 13, 2017

Certification for the Week of February 13, 2017

Joe Antony from Doha QATAR
File Reviewed

Matt Armanini from Moraga CA
File Re-Reviewed

Logan Arnold from Raleigh NC
File Reviewed

Sandy Avery from Arnold MD
Online Clinic Updated

Kevin Clark from Lockport NY
Level 3 High School

Alessandro Eramo from Beverly MA
Level 2 USA Swimming

Saber Hassan from Kuwait KUWAIT
Completed Level 3 school test; Needs required times to be certified

Tatiana Ilukhina from Cairo EGYPT
Original Application Approved; Needs Level 1 School Test to be Certified

Bob Jenkyns from Peyton CO
File Reviewed

Michael Kinross from Las Vegas NV
Needs Level 4 School Test; Added 14 NAG Times

Roland Knoetze from Pretoria SOUTH AFRICA
Level 2 International Age Group

Valeri Kopot from Brooklyn NY
Level 2 USA Swimming

Trudy Langrin from Miami FL
Level 1 International Age Group

Loren McCoy from Redlands CA
Level 3;4 Age Group; International Senior

Glenda Medel from Killeen TX
Needs Level 1 School Test

Carol Nip from San Pablo CA
Online Clinic Update

Elizabeth O’Neil from Norristown pa
Level 2 USA Swimming

Pam Passarelli from Ocean Springs MS
Southern Coaching Academy

Maria Podiquit from Dasman KUWAIT
Level 2 International Age Group

Tanja Sadecky from Iowa City IA
Online Education OK

Chris Schmitz from Minneapolis MN
Completed Level 3 school test; Needs required times to be certified

Brian Shepherd from Chandler AZ
Online Education OK

Dwayne Stewart from Maple Valley WA
File Reviewed

Abby Turner from Keller TX
Level 5 Age Group


New ASCA members for the week ending February 17, 2017:

New ASCA members for the week ending February 17, 2017:

Welcome to ASCA’s newest members, who joined in the week ending Friday, February 17, 2017:
• Lynda Amrani – Los Alamos, NM
• Joseph Born – Orinda, CA
• Agatha Chan – Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
• Dickson Chan – Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
• Michelle Davis – Upper Malborough, MD
• Ragnhild Engen – Skjetten, Norway
• Ashley Genrich – Quincy, MA
• Katelyn Griffin – Milwaukie, OR
• Kyllian Griffin – Chicago, IL
• Alexis Henzler – Kihei, HI
• Amanda Rom Herdeman – Covington, KY
• Dalton Herendeen – Fredricksburg, VA
• Kevin Huey – Cincinnati, OH
• Hong Kam – Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
• Dhananjay Kondhare – Pune, Maharashtra India
• Haavard Melle – Sør-Trøndelag, Norway
• Marcel Mendritzki – Skjetten, Norway
• Arthur Nichols – Lusaka, Zambia
• Kathleen Olszewski – Manchester, MD
• Zia Palmer – Alexandria, VA
• Lindsey Phelps – Ellettsville, IN
• Henning Pryde – Loddefjord, Hordaland Norway
• Ole Martin Ree – Sola, Rogaland Norway
• Erika Romack – Burke, VA
• Kristyne Russell – Chelsea, MI
• Daniel Sandhaaland – Kopervik, Rogaland Norway
• Yadira Santana – Humacao, PR
• Katy Shreve – Indianapolis, IN
• Charles Smith – Richfield, MN
• John Snyder – East Stroudsburg, PA
• Felipe Valencia – Cali, Valle del Cauca Colombia
• Katharine Whalen – Oakland, CA
• Gary Wong – Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
• Eric Yeung – Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
• John Yiu – Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
• Carl Young – Valdez, AK


New ASCA members for the week ending February 10, 2017

New ASCA members for the week ending February 10, 2017

Welcome to ASCA’s newest members, who joined in the week ending Friday, February 10, 2017:
• Lindsey Appel – Alexandria, VA
• Staci Armezzani – Gaithersburg, MD
• Beth O’Connor Baker – Arlington, VA
• Garland Bartlett – Washington, DC
• Rafal Behrle – Greenbelt, MD
• Michelle Blanton – McLean, VA
• Joan Borras – Cordoba, Spain
• Sharon Burger – Browns Bay, Auckland New Zealand
• Brian Cheng – Silver Spring, MD
• Ilya Cherapau – Smiths, Bermuda
• Larry Curran – Bethesda, MD
• Jocelin Drennan – Katy, TX
• Maura Foggin – Alexandria, VA
• Ashley Fouse – Leesburg, VA
• Michael Goldhardt – Herriman, UT
• Francis Joey Gracia – Costa Mesa, CA
• Paula Hardin – Fishers, IN
• Julie House – Silver Spring, MD
• Rich House – Silver Spring, MD
• Lushano P. Lamprecht – Windhoek, Namibia
• Lara Loescher – Smiths, Bermuda
• Shawn Mansfield – Annandale, VA
• Sean Mayer – Springfield, VA
• Zoe McIlmail – Frederick, MD
• Kyle McNally – Burlington, ON Canada
• Ian McNeal – Baltimore, MD
• Stephen Miguelez – Redmond, WA
• Darijan Milojkovic – Tromdheim, Norway
• Deirdre O’Mara – Gillette, NJ
• Austin Roman – Granada Hills, CA
• Mark Schramm – Monroe, MI
• Elizabeth Sellers – Laurel, MD
• Gloria Squartino – Cooper City, FL
• Jo Marie Tablang – Greenbelt, MD
• Ryan Tackett – Daly City, CA
• Leslie Tomlinson – Manassas, VA
• Ian Townsend – Lansing, MI
• Tim Ware – Washington, DC
• Kevin Waters – Greenbelt, MD
• Greg York – Arlington, VA


New ASCA members for the week ending February 3, 2017

New ASCA members for the week ending February 3, 2017

Welcome to ASCA’s newest members, who joined in the week ending Friday, February 3, 2017:
• Joseph Acquaviva – Lafayette Hill, PA
• Abdulaziz Alobaid – Riyadh Saudi Arabia
• Lauren Becerra – White Plains, NY
• Ka Shawna Bell – Lake Oswego, OR
• Dexter Brown – Hyattsville, MD
• Scott Cleal – Burke, VA
• Bethany Ellis – Alexandria, VA
• George Epley – Livingston Manor, NY
• Malena Lair Ferrari – Bethesda, MD
• Heather Coulson Haddock – Chantilly, VA
• Jackson Hannam – Washington, DC
• Hank Harrison – Manassas, VA
• Shannon Ice – Falls Church, VA
• Ryan Layt – Maroochydore, QLD Australia
• Elizabeth Lofgren – Kensington, MD
• Nikie Lopez – El Centro, CA
• Kelsey Magill – Washington, DC
• Mary Massoumi – Rockville, MD
• Alexander McDonald – Maumelle, AR
• Sa Medjkouah – Dhahran Saudi Arabia
• Keely Monge – Washington, DC
• Borge Mork – Oslo Norway
• Michal Morris – Silver Spring, MD
• Laura Mozeleski – Chantilly, VA
• Erin Mullins – Columbia, SC
• Kaitlin Pawlowicz – Washington, DC
• Yesenia Pena – San Antonio, TX
• Karen Perez – San Antonio, TX
• Christa Prior – San Jose, CA
• Eric Rhodes – Kailua Kona, HI
• Courtney Scherber – Burke, VA
• Ashley Schultz – Vienna, VA
• Ben Skelding – Springfield, VA
• Rick Stakel – Aldie, VA
• Kevin Swander – Columbia, SC
• Robin Tompkins – Houston, TX
• Kevin Wagman – Potomac, MD
• David White – Falls Church, VA
• Susan Williams – North Bethesda, MD
• Ron Willoughby – College Park, MD
• Wendy Wilson – Washington, DC
• Mary Woodward – Washington, DC
• Nicole Zinn – Falls Church, VA


New ASCA members for the week ending January 27, 2017

New ASCA members for the week ending January 27, 2017

Welcome to ASCA’s new members, from the week of January 21-27, 2017:
• Sarah Allen – Atmore, AL
• Jean Atkinson – Mount Pleasant, SC
• Kinsey Brand – Florence, SC
• Kathy Burkhart – Northville, MI
• M. Scott Callander – McLean, VA
• Richard Campanaro – Bedford, TX
• Emma Chamberlayne – Falls Church, VA
• Jessica Cruzado – Vienna, VA
• Anze Dacar – Radovljica Slovenia
• Hannah Edwards – Napa, CA
• Bethany Groccock – McLean, VA
• Stephanie Gyurke – Cleveland, OH
• Stephen Henderson – Columbia, MD
• Paul Herberger – Bozeman, MT
• Jenny Hubbard – Louisville, KY
• Emily Kong – McLean, VA
• Tim Leonhart – Salt Lake City, UT
• Elijah McDonald – Biloxi, MS
• Mark Miles – Horseheads, NY
• Daniel Moldovan – Irvine, CA
• Natalie Poole – Arlington, VA
• Luke Proxmire – Columbus, OH
• Ajay Shinde – Pune, Maharashtra India
• Vishnu Srinivasaraghavan – Chatham, IL
• Martha Vick – Allentown, PA
• Kendall Woods – Chattanooga, TN
• Kristen Yoon – Seoul South Korea
• Johnny Young – Canton, MI


Certification for the Week of January 23, 2017

Certification for the Week of January 23, 2017

Ramphis Basabe from Manati PR
Level 1 International Age Group

Kurtis Carpenter from Huntersville NC
Level 1 USA Swimming

Ted Carson from McKinney TX
Level 1 USA Swimming

Mark W. Carter from San Jose CA
USMS Clinic 2016

Angelika Cruz from Montauk NY
Level 1 USA Swimming; YMCA; Age Group

Veronica de la Rocha Manchon from Bangkok Thailand
Level 2 International Age Group

Paulo Figueira from Queluz PORTUGAL
Original Application Approved; Level 1 school test needed

Kristin Gardner from Santa Monica CA
Level 2 USA Swimming

Ali Ghazal from Cairo Egypt
Level 2 International Age Group

Tyler Lee Hammond from Omaha NE
Level 1 USA Swimming; High School

Michael Irish from Brunswick GA
Original Application Approved; Level 1 school test needed

Prathap Jadav from Bangalore INDIA
Level 2 International Age Group

Elissa Kennedy from Matthews NC
File Reviewed

Gill Lever from London UNITED KINGDOM
Level 1 International Age Group

Mike Lewellyn from Boise ID
Level 4 USA Swimming

Matt Long from Winter Park FL
Original Application Approved; Level 1 school test needed

Julie Margolis from Rockland MA
File Reviewed

Eduardo Maximo from West Sacramento CA
Original Application Approved; Level 1 school test needed

Leslie McCall from Valparaiso IN
Level 1 Age Group

Stuart McDougal from Tujunga CA
USMS Clinic 2016

Diane Medeiros from Franklin TN
File Reviewed

Paul Merritt from Vista CA
SD Fall Clinic 2015

Osama Mohamed from Elsenbelawen Egypt
Level 3 International Age Group

Helen Naylor from Nashville TN
USMS Clinic 2016

Carol Nip from San Pablo CA
Updated EDU & EXP as submitted

Elizabeth O’Neil from Norristown pa
Level 1 USA Swimming

Jonathan Parker from Manassas VA
Level 1 Age Group

Angelo Poyo from Bryanston SOUTH AFRICA
File Reviewed

Sara Rushton from Oakland ME
Portland Regional Clinic

Jason Russell from West Field MA
File Reviewed; Needs Level 3 school test

Paulina Saldana Salgado from Riverside CA
Level 1 USA Swimming

Mike Salpeter from Chesapeak VA
Level 4;3 USA Swimming; Age Group

Catherine Santivanez from Baldwin NY
Level 2 USA Swimming

Sandeep Sejwal from New Delhi INDIA
Original Application Approved; Level 1 school test needed

Papaporn Srion from Bangkok THAILAND
Level 2 International Age Group

Mark Stori from Santa Barbara CA
USMS Clinic 2016

Amanda Terray from Dover DE
File Reviewed

Dillon Thompson from Palatine IL
Level 1 USA Swimming

Barb Toohey from Hanover MA
File Reviewed

Laureen Welting from San Francisco ca
USMS Clinic 2016

Enya Yang from Shanghai CHINA
Level 1 International Age Group


Coaching Excellence by Mark Schubert (2005)

I cannot begin to tell you what an honor it is for me to introduce this man. He doesn’t know this, but over the 25 years of my career he has probably, actually undoubtedly, been the coach that I have most revered, most respected and probably most envied in a lot of cases. I have watched as he has compiled an incredible record of excellence, and it has been on every front and on every level. On the club level, as a club coach, it is particularly meaningful to me. He has compiled a record of excellence that club coaches in this country will chase forever – 44 National titles. It is a record that likely will never be touched. As Mark moved on to the college ranks he continued to define the word excellence, and I think he brought a lot of depth to that definition in those years. I think he added a lot of humanity to it, a lot of wisdom to it, and it became more than just performance. It became excellence as a person, and, granted it has been from a far view Mark, but I can tell you that I have watched every movement and every part of your career closely.

A young lady that has swum with us for many years is now swimming at USC and opted not to come home this summer. If you know me, I am not real thrilled about that, but when I had a chance to talk with her and ask her why, she looked me in the eye and said, “He (referring to coach Schubert) makes me believe that I can be as good as anybody in the world, and I want to find out if it is true”. With that being said, I walked away and started to consider Mark’s career, and the thing that came forward to me, that struck me, is his uncanny ability to look a swimmer in the eye or say a word or two or whisper a couple of sentences and inspire incredible confidence, and I think that is the X-factor that he has brought to his career that has helped him establish his record of excellence.

On the international scene he has been no less important to USA Swimming, and he has helped USA Swimming compile a record of excellence. It has been more than just 29 athletes that he has brought to the Olympic deck. It has been his mere presence, his persona, his reputation, his intensity when he is on that pool deck. I think it must be truly difficult for foreign athletes and foreign coaches to, in the back of their mind, know when Coach Schubert is standing on that deck, that he has had a hand in preparing the team they are about to face, and I think that translates into medals all by itself. That being said, I would like to introduce a man truly qualified to speak to you on excellence, Coach Mark Schubert.

Thanks Rick. That was a very special introduction. I enjoy these talks. Sometimes I am given subjects that I am comfortable with, and sometimes I ask John Leonard to challenge me a little bit. I asked John to challenge me with the talk, and I thought he came up with a pretty creative subject, and that is “What I Have Learned From Great Coaches”. So I am going to talk a little bit about the experience that I have had with different coaches in our country and in my life and talk a little bit about what I have learned. I am hopeful that this will spark, if nothing else, if you don’t learn anything from this, maybe it will spark you thinking about what you have learned from other coaches, how it has helped you, and how it can continue to help you.

You know what I did was, when I started to prepare for this talk, I sat down with my palm pilot and, you know, I have a coaches theme on my palm pilot, and I went through all the coaches just thinking about all the people that I have known and learned from throughout the years. And that made me feel very, very fortunate. The first person that I thought of that really probably gave me the tools to be a swimming coach was my father, and he taught me the value of hard work. He taught me the value of being thorough. He taught me the value of being detailed, but above all, he taught me the value of communication with people. I think with those skills and my desire to get into athletics, because I was never a great athlete, but I always wanted to get into athletics, I had the skills to go on and attempt to become a swimming coach. The other thing that he gave me was the example of pushing somebody beyond their comfort zone. As a coach, I think that is what we do, and I think that is why we will never be replaced by a computer because it is the coach that will push somebody to do things that they do not think that they can do or they don’t want to do. But once they do it they are so proud of themselves and so happy that they have been able to accomplish it.

I think one of the things that I have learned is to be observant. I was very fortunate in my years as a club coach and my years as a women’s college coach to always go to the men’s NCAA’s every year. I just put it on my calendar, and I went because I felt that it was probably the best learning experience and best clinic that I could attend. And for many years I was fortunate to sit at the top of the swimming stadium and sit next to Ernie Maglischo and just listen, ask questions, talk about stroke rates, talk about techniques, talk about racing strategies – a tremendous experience. Unfortunately, a lot of us do not have the opportunity to really sit and be observant. Usually, when we are involved with a swimming meet we are observing our swimmers, and we should be. That is our job. But I think it is important, whenever you have the opportunity, to go to a swimming meet without responsibility, whether it is a swim meet at your level or above the level that you are coaching, and just watch. Don’t talk, just watch. I think it is a tremendous learning experience.

I was fortunate to work for four years at the University of Texas with Eddie Reese, and he taught me a lot – a lot through observation. We would do a lot of training – the women’s team would do a lot of training. We would spend a lot of time working hard. Many afternoons we would be out there working hard for two hours, and one of the girls would stick their head up and say, “Where are the guys?” And then at the end of the practice they would all say, “What happened to the guys?” And that might happen at certain times of the year once a week or twice a week or even three times a week, and they had the feeling that they worked a lot harder than the guys. But what I came to learn was a good team meeting is just as effective as a good practice, and what he was doing was teaching. You know a challenge in our sport is we are standing on the pool deck, we give out the set, we say ready go, we correct every time they talk, every time they stop at the wall and we have a chance to get a word in edgewise, but he was teaching. He was teaching goal setting. He was teaching lifestyle. He was teaching team attitude, and he was allowing the older swimmers on his team to teach the younger swimmers on his team. Those teams worked really hard, but he really took the time to teach, and that is when I learned that a good team meeting is important. He would have the older guys talk about their experiences going fast and how they got fast and how the guys before them got fast – a tremendous learning experience.

I also learned from Eddie the importance of technique. I think as far as drills go – some drills are just very basic but always done very well. He would divide his team into groups of three and four – two older guys with two newbie’s – and have them teach each other and work with each other. Starting out at the beginning of the season doing that, it became accepted throughout the season that it is okay to correct each other, and it is okay for us to expect each other to do things perfectly. You know, that went from push-offs, to dives, to relay takeoffs. They were always working with each other to accomplish that.

The other thing that I learned from Eddie is humility, and I think I have always recognized that you know when you say a coach is great. A great coach is a guy that knows what he is doing and doesn’t blow it with a great talent. Eddie would always say something like this if I had somebody swim well. I can remember one time I was working one-on-one with Leann Fetter. We were doing some 25’s or some 50’s, and she was just looking spectacular. He walked up to me and started watching her, and he said, “Boy, she is going to make you look a lot better than you really are.” And it is so true. I have always remembered that and always reminded myself of that – that the kids make us look a lot better than we really are.

I learned a lot from Larry Liebowitz. I had an opportunity to work on the same deck with Larry for many years at Mission Viejo, Mission Bay, and then later at USC. Larry had a great saying, because sometimes I would get upset when the swimmers would get upset. You know, believe it or not, even though I am demanding, I like everybody to be happy and excited and challenged, and I don’t like it when people complain. Larry had the greatest saying about rights on the pool deck. He used to say, “Swimmers have the right to complain.” It is their right, and coaches have the right not to listen to it. And it is very true. If you are going to be somebody that is going to challenge an athlete to do something special, you can’t worry about their complaining about it. In fact, sometimes you need to smile a little bit, particularly when they get out of the pool afterwards with the big smile on their face because they accomplished something and they did something special. The other thing that Larry did so well was create challenging sets for specific individuals. He could create a set that would challenge the best swimmer on the team, and then do a basic version of it for the rest of the team that would challenge them. But he would always be thinking about once or twice a week coming up with a set that would challenge the best swimmer on the team – something that would be difficult, new, challenging, and exciting for that swimmer. He would also do a good job as an assistant of moderating me because I tend to want to challenge people all the time, and they can get real tired doing that. He used to tell me, “Mark, every once in a while it is good to just give them a set, a nice long set, emphasizing technique and just watch them. Just let them go.” Put your stopwatch in your pocket. Don’t yell at them, and when I say yell at them, I am talking about yelling at them to go. Just watch them cruise, but doing it with some excellence – a very good point.

When I first was a young coach and moved to California, I had the opportunity to go around my first year and watch all of the great coaches in California. There were so many – George Haines, Peter Daland, Don Gambril, Dick Jochums, Nort Thornton, George French, Ron Ballatore, Flip Darr – and I took a day off of practice every two weeks and went and watched a practice and just sat there and watched. Sometimes I asked questions, but most of the time I just observed. I think every year I was at Mission Viejo I went up to USC twice. If nothing else, it just inspired me to watch those guys swimming up and down the pool, and, Coach Daland I apologize, but I also used to go to UCLA.

George Haines was probably the most inspiring person to watch, and I bet probably the most inspiring person to swim for because he had such enthusiasm on the pool deck. When the workout started it was like a light bulb went on and he was onstage and he would talk to everybody. Getting in the water was a huge thing where he would start off with something like taking his belt off and flicking his belt at his swimmers or start of with a kickboard throwing contest, and he was the best at it. I saw him throw a kickboard from the learn-to-swim pool all the way over the diving well at Santa Clara, and of course all the guys there had to try and challenge themselves to do it, but nobody could do it. He always made practice fun and exciting, and it seemed like they always had a smile on their face. He had a tremendous personality. We all can’t have the type of personality he did. I think basically, he tried to make everybody feel important. I would watch a practice where there were 60 people, and I am sure that he talked to everybody at that practice. You know, he would make a big deal out of good performances that people swam. He would make a big deal out of the worst swimmers if they did something. He would know who was doing special things, and he would talk about it. He always taught, and one of the things that he told me was no matter how good a swimmer is, when you prepare a swimmer for a big event, don’t assume anything. Don’t assume that they know anything. Take care of every detail. Remind them of each important detail because they might forget, even though they know. Don’t assume anything.

I often, on national team trips, watched how he handled discipline situations. He and Don Gambril were very similar in how they handled discipline situations. I think the swimmers thought that these guys were oblivious to things that were going on. My first national team trip was at the World Championships in West Berlin, and for some reason I couldn’t sleep, so I went down to the lobby. I think it was 2 o’clock in the morning, and George Haines and Don Gambril were sitting in the lobby just talking and joking around. I asked them, “Why are you guys down here?” And they said, “Well, we are aware of a swimmer that is out and should be in his bed, and we are just going to have a little meeting with him when he gets back.” They met with the swimmer and informed him that they would really love to have him as a member of the 400 freestyle relay here at the World Championships, but, if that ever happened again, he would not be a member of that relay. And there was no more discipline problem with that person. Nobody else knew about it. It wasn’t announced. It wasn’t made a big deal of, but there was always firm discipline, yet it was quiet, firm discipline handled individually.

The other thing about George that I thought was amazing was how he handled a lot of good egos. You know, every good swimmer has a big ego, and it is hard to handle all of them, particularly if they come into conflict. I remember one time watching a practice at Santa Clara High School, and he had one of his swimmers do a get out swim. He did a fantastic 200 freestyle in something that I had never seen done before, except maybe in the finals of the NCAA Championship. This is a high school kid, so everybody gets out and they are happy. They run to the showers, and of course the kid is probably in there bragging about what he had just done. Then about 20 minutes later, I am talking to George on the pool deck and Mark Spitz walks out, and he says, “George, I want to beat that time.” So George has him get up and swim a 200 freestyle. He breaks the national high school record, and then of course he runs in and he is bragging about what he has done. He makes the other guy feel bad, so George brought the other guy out and talked to him about how well he had done and not to worry about Mark and his ego. It was just amazing how he handled that kind of situation. He made the guy feel good that Mark was trying to make him feel bad, but he still made Mark feel great because he was able to do something special.

I was very fortunate to serve on an Olympic team with Don Gambril in 1984, and I can say that Don was a friend and a mentor, somebody that would always write me little notes if our team would do something special. He always made me feel like a real coach. I felt like I was an age group coach, and this guy was encouraging me, being a mentor. I think the thing about Don was he had great organizational skills. He had a great ability to have a view of what he thought was important, and he was able to communicate it to his swimmers. I think probably one of the more brilliant coaching moves that I have ever seen at the Olympics was the preparation for the 800 freestyle relay when the United States was swimming Germany. Michael Gross was the preeminent male star of those games, and from the first day of training camp Don had talked to all six of the relay guys with his vision of how he saw the race develop and how the United States could win the race. The first three guys taking it out, getting a big lead, and the last guy allowing Michael to over-swim the first hundred and then being able to beat him on the last 50. And that is exactly how it unfolded. It was no accident. It was Don’s vision that he put in those guys minds, and he convinced them they could accomplish that. I think basically, that is what coaches do. They create a vision, they try to get the swimmers on the same wavelength as that vision, and then they work together to make it happen.

When I think of Peter Daland and his coaching, I don’t think of watching Peter when I was in high school on the deck at the NCAA’s or when I was in college on the deck of the NCAA’s. I think of Peter at the indoor pool – Peter does not allow us to call it the dungeon. It was the indoor pool. I think of him sitting there having a team meeting at the beginning of every practice, and he would be reading statistics about previous dual meets, splits, talking about individuals that had done well, talking about what needed to happen within the next week to get ready for the next dual meet or for the conference championship or for NCAA’s. A detailed plan was laid out. The other impression that I always had with Peter’s teams was that everybody was important, had a place, had a job to do. No matter whether they were an NCAA qualifier or, as the swimmer’s called it, a member of the bum squad. I think people on Peter’s teams will always have affection for Peter because he treated everybody as an important part of his team. The thing that I was impressed with was that tradition was such a big part of that team, and Peter empowered the guys to keep the tradition going year in and year out. A couple of years ago John Nabor came and talked to my team about the tradition – the things that they did, the things that they did to have fun, the things that they did to work hard – and they tried to maintain that tradition. Team pride. That was the other thing that always impressed me about Peter’s teams. Competition in practice – that is the reason that I went up there to watch. To watch great swimmers working together to improve each other and how they did it in such a fashion that they knew they were helping each other get better. Watching John Nabor and Bruce Furness go after it in workout was an incredible experience.

Dick Shoulberg. I don’t think that I have ever seen a guy get so much out of so little, and that is because he never thinks of his facility as so little. He thinks of his facility as a grand place to be, and if you have ever talked to his swimmers, they look at it the same way. The guy is so innovative with a large number of swimmers, whether he is doing vertical kicking or doing breaststroke kicking with zoomers on or having three lanes working on a distance practice, two lanes working on stroke, the freshmen over there doing vertical kicking, the guys that are hurt doing stationary bike or Vasa Trainer or doing pulleys or weights or whatever. Everything is moving, and he is the master of it all. If you have ever watched him do a long course workout, and I have had situations when I have been on the national team and he is giving the warm-up, it is always creative and different. I mean he will have guys doing 75 IM’s in a 50-meter pool, stopping in the middle or stopping ¾ of the way. If you watch him in a short course pool he has groups leaving from both ends at the same time, just so they can keep moving and nobody is standing on the wall for very long. That kind of creativity and pride – pride in the tradition of the program.

Richard Quick. I think what I have learned from him is the importance of the little things. I think as a coach he is a master of details – starts, turns, push-offs, finishes. And he has his swimmers practice them over and over again. Details are important. I also think that if you watch one of his workouts – his enthusiasm and intensity in practice – it is pretty hard not to perform well. I mean, I want to jump in and swim fast when I watch that guy coach on the pool deck. He is so enthusiastic, and the way he challenges his swimmers. I remember watching Misty Hyman at an Olympic training camp do a set of ten 50’s at race pace, and the last one was down to doing it at 30 seconds. Actually it was faster than race pace – all under 30, and the last one was at 30 seconds. He would expect people to do things that had never been done before.

Jonty Skinner. I think the main thing that Jonty gave me was when he gave me advice that it is always important to do something fast in practice every day. Not necessarily 25’s and 50’s, but a 600 yard set of three cycle sprints, and I think that was probably some of the best advice that I have ever had. The other experience that I have had with Jonty Skinner is his detail, his use of video, his helping coaches all the time, and him encouraging coaches not to be afraid to make changes if the changes are going to be good for the athlete. Sometimes we are a little bit afraid to change, particularly when we think the athlete has success.

You know, I have to say that probably as a coach, the person that had the biggest influence on me and made me want to become a swimming coach was my high school coach, and he helped me define my goals as a coach. And my goal as a coach was to give people a great experience in swimming like I had when I was in high school. He taught me the importance of a coach as a role model. We need to think about our presence, our demeanor, our enthusiasm. We need to think about the fact that there is no teacher that our students will spend more time with than their swimming coach, and in fact, at certain times of their lives, there is no parent that will spend more time with their children than their swimming coach. You are their role model. He taught me the importance of having fun in practice, and this guy would find ways to have fun in practice. We worked hard, but every week we would do something that was fun. He would come up with these crazy games. He would break a pencil into a small sliver that you could barely see, and we would play hide and seek with it. It was called dibble. The guy that was it would have the little sliver. He would go down to the bottom of the deep end, and he would hide it. Then everybody would stand on the side, and when they saw that little sliver then they would all dive in and try to get it. Well, as soon as someone dove in you couldn’t see it again, so guys were grabbing, and it was stupid, but it was fun. We loved it. We would play it for hours. We also used to play a kind of a corner tag, and what was amazing to me was on my 10th high school anniversary almost everybody from the swimming team came back, not just from my class but from the two classes before and the two classes after. And the night before the reunion one of my teammates was the high school coach at my high school, so he unlocked the swimming pool, and the whole team went in there. It was all dark. The lights were not on, and we played wall tag for two hours, and it just kind of personified the kind of fun that we had with each other in that swimming experience.

Our coach taught us how to become champions. He taught us how to strive for something that we never dreamed we could be, and most of us performed much better than we ever thought. But he had the vision. He instilled it in us, and he taught us to become champions. He taught us that everyone has a role on the team, and that every role needs to be encouraged, not just those of the best swimmers on the team. He taught me the importance of individual encouragement, and he would have little ways to encourage each individual. He would treat us as a group. He would motivate us as a group, but he would motivate us individually. In my case he recognized the fact that I kind of idolized him and some day I might want to become a swimming coach. We had an A and a B team. The A team would swim all the good teams. The B teams would swim the local, not so good teams, and that happened every Saturday morning in a local league that we had. He would actually allow me to write the lineup for those meets. Of course, one time I wrote the lineup and made some mistakes. Half way through the meet we were behind, so he had to get on the phone and call all the varsity swimmers in so that we could save the meet. I learned a little bit about that situation too – about over confidence.

Bob Bowman. I think having watched Bob on a number of national team trips, the thing that I have learned from him is the importance of a long-term plan. This guy plans years in advance – years in advance. He has a vision. He has a vision that is concurrent with the athlete that he is coaching, and he follows the plan. I think we have a national team quadrennial plan, which is great, but Bob Bowman follows the plan that is best for his swimmer, and he has done a tremendous job of that. He also has taught me the importance of short course training. Watching Bob and Murray Stevens and the way they have their program – they have a lot more short course training than a lot of us do that have long course pools available, and I think that there is a definite value in short course training as far as recovery, turns, push-offs, as well as long course training.

Walt Schlueter. Walt was a tremendous coach in the 50’s and 60’s, and I had an opportunity to work with him at Mission Viejo. His daughter swam for me. One day he came up, and he said, “Would you allow me to take two or three swimmers at a time out of your practice and just work on technique with them?” I would watch him work with those swimmers – the key phrases, the drills, the things he would do with great swimmers, people that were already national champions, that would help them to get faster. I don’t think you just teach stroke. I think stroke is like maintaining a Ferrari. You have to do it all the time. Because of the repetition of our sport, it is easy to slip back into bad habits, and he taught me the importance of individual attention in stroke technique. I have always tried to have an assistant that would focus on that. I am willing before and after practice to do that individually, and sometimes I will do it during practice. But if you have a program where you can continually do it, I think it is extremely important.

Peter Banks. What I learned from Peter is the importance of a four-year cycle and ignoring some meets. I don’t really mean ignoring, but not worrying about some meets, swimming through some meets, and developing the confidence in your champion that you can swim through some meets and some years in order to have success in the most important years. I think what he did with his swimmer in that regard was amazing, and you could watch it happening. You could watch it every year how his swimmer would swim tired through one Nationals, tired through another Nationals, and then all of a sudden make a team and then just swim outstanding at the most important meet. That is hard to do. It is hard to keep somebody interested, particularly somebody who is a world champion, but he was able to convince those people that that was important.

Jill Sterkel taught me the importance of rest. You know, I have been blessed by having some great assistant coaches, and I think Jill was one of the best for me because she is so calm, and I am so intense. The girls could go to her if they were too afraid to go to me. We were never worried about our teams being out of shape, but Jill was always worried about our teams being rested enough. I can always remember in the last three weeks of the season her coming up to me – of course she is bigger than me, and although she didn’t grab me by the lapels, I felt like she did – and she would say, “Mark, we have worked really hard. We are in really good shape. Don’t be afraid to rest them.” And I think it is important that we all remember that.

Mike Bottom and Dave Salo taught me not to be afraid to be your own person. I have so much respect for coaches that do it their own way. I think a lot of us get caught up in this is the best way or that is the best way or why does this person do this. You have to decide the way that works for you, and these guys are two of the most creative minds. They do things completely different than anybody else, and they have tremendous success. In my years of observation, I think that is why American Swimming is so successful because we allow the individual coaches to do it their own way. Be careful how critical we are of that, because these guys are getting it done.

The last person I would like to talk about is Doc Councilman. When I was a high school kid in Ohio, a college student at the University of Kentucky, and a high school coach after I graduated, Doc would allow me to come and watch practice. I was amazed at how Doc Councilman made me feel like the most important swimming coach in the world when I was a graduate assistant at the University of Kentucky. I was going there to watch Mark Spitz, Gary Hall, and John Kinsella, and he would sit there and talk to me about how the practice was going to go, what they were going to do, and what he was trying to accomplish. I think Doc was one of those coaches that was not afraid to break the mold. He would come up with new ideas. He would try ideas. He would discard ideas. He wasn’t afraid to break the mold, and he shared it with all of us, whether it was in books, in articles, in observation, or in speeches. He would think outside the box, and I think that was what made his practices creative and fun. He would take the time to watch great swimmers for the keys to their success. Probably on six occasions when I was at Mission Viejo he would show up unannounced on the pool deck at practice and just ask me if he could go down and use the underwater window. He would ask if a certain swimmer could swim in a certain lane so he could film them. He wanted to know what they were doing. He wanted to know what made them special. He would always send me a copy, and he would always give me observations, but that guy was paying attention to the people that were swimming fast all the time.

He would always treat everybody as a team, and a team for Doc was a family. He would treat them as a family, but he would make everybody know that he was going to treat them as an individual. I remember walking in and watching a workout where everybody’s name was written on the board. For whatever the main set was going to be, he wrote goals on the board for what he wanted them to try to accomplish, and I can remember the negotiation that was going on between him and his swimmers. “Well no, you shouldn’t be asking me to do this. I should do that.” And Doc would just smile and say, “Oh no, you can do this. You can do this.” That was very special – learning how important it is to challenge people to their limits. The other thing that I learned from Doc was the importance of team activities away from the pool. He was always planning a barbecue or some kind of a team get together, and again, I think the way he made his team feel like a family was something that was very special.

The last few comments that I have, and the topic is what I learned from great coaches, is that it’s important that you know that there are a lot of great coaches sitting in this room. A great coach really gets defined as somebody who develops a great athlete, but it is really many times we are blessed with the opportunity of working with a great athlete. Lets not ever forget that a great coach is somebody that gives people a great experience. That includes swimming fast, but that includes so much more than swimming fast – working as a team, caring about each other, and developing attributes that will go on far beyond our swimming careers and our coaching careers. You may not have the best facility. You may not have the best athletes to work with, but you do have the opportunity to be a great coach. And as I go around the country recruiting and watching other programs, I learn a lot from a lot of you great coaches. I do want to take the opportunity to give a little plug to our next speaker who is C. M. Newton. Many of you know him, know of his coaching, know of the fact that he has been the Athletic Director at the University of Kentucky, and he knows about winning. Granted, I am a little bit prejudiced having graduated from the University of Kentucky, but I really encourage you to stay and listen to him and what he has to share with you about winning, because I know that it will be extremely useful for you. Does anybody have any questions? Thanks for the opportunity to share. I appreciate it.


New ASCA members for the week ending January 20, 2017

New ASCA members for the week ending January 20, 2017

Welcome to ASCA’s new members, from the week of January 14-20, 2017:
• Danielle Basilio – North Las Vegas, NV
• Alexandra Cash – Waukegan, IL
• Michael Convey – Waukegan, IL
• Amanda Couch – Highland, IL
• Katherine Didriksen – Ridgefield, CT
• Tudor Ignat – Krisitiansund Norway
• Stephanie Juncker – Louisville, KY
• Eryka Karz – Hayward, CA
• Mouna Khelil – Kuwait City Kuwait
• Jennifer Lee – Hollister, CA
• Ruth Logan – Washington, DC
• Alex Otero – Allentown, PA
• Kristian Peshev – Ottawa, ON Canada
• Anna Rose Pura – Kuwait City Kuwait
• Frank Rapin – Grand Rapids, MI
• Garret Shimko – Riverside, CA
• Doug Smith – Sacramento, CA


Certification for the Week of January 16, 2017

Certification for the Week of January 16, 2017

Melissa Aleman from Ranchos de Taos NM
Level 1 USA Swimming

Marcia Benjamin from San Leandro CA
2016 USMS Clinic

Neil Brooks from Pecatu INDONESIA
Level 1 International Age Group

Richard Butler from Houston TX
Distance Training

Ryan Campbell from Charlottesville VA
Level 4;3 USA Swimming; High School

Rosario Castellano from Naples ITALY
File Reviewed

Tania Chadwick from San Jose CA
Level 1 High School

Allison Chamberlain from Price UT
Level 1 Age Group; Summer League

Marcia Cleveland from Winnetka IL
2016 USMS Clinic

Audrey Cormack from Trophy Club TX
File Reviewed

Wesley A. Crozier from Madison CT
Level 4;3 USA Swimming; Age Group

Robert Cutright from Dallas TX
Level 1 Age

John de Wit from Langley WA
Updated Exp as submitted

Anthony Debrota from Warsaw IN
Level 2 USA Swimming; High School

James Downey from Long Beach NY
Level 2 USA Swimming

Francis Driscoll from Norwalk CT
Level 2 USA Swimming; High School

Matthew Elliott from Mechanicsville VA
Level 1 Age Group

Paden Fontenot from Sugar Land TX
Level 1 USA Swimming

Jamie Glover from Etiwanda CA
Level 1 USA Swimming

Douglas A. Green from Thousand Oaks CA
2016 USMS Clinic

Stefan Greendyk from West Milford NJ
Level 3 YMCA; Age Group

Andreea Ianoli-Mitrofan from Gallatin TN
Level 4;2 USA Swimming; Masters

Lisel Johnson from Vancouver WA
Level 1 USA Swimming; Age Group

Michael Kleinert from Camp Pendleton CA
Level 2;5 USA Swimming; Disability

Cokie Lepinski from Novato CA
2016 USMS Clinic

Bob McDonald from Brewster MA
Completed Level 4 school test; Needs achievement to be certified

Crystie McGrail from Dover NH
2016 USMS Clinic

Bruce McQueen from Wrangell AK
Level 2 USA Swimming

Jackie C. Norgren from Fort Lauderdale FL
Level 2 USA Swimming

Pedro Ordenes from Corte Madera CA
Updated Exp as submitted

Brian Shepherd from Chandler AZ
Drills and Games OK